November-December 2023 Sudan Human Rights Report: Conflict, Crises, and Violations

Get a detailed report on the human rights violations, humanitarian crisis, and socio-economic impact of ongoing conflicts in Sudan. Edited by Hassan Alnasir and Malaz Warag, this report covers the ...


6/1/20242 min read

Sudanese Observatory for Human Rights's report for November-December 2023:


The report, edited by Hassan Alnasir and Malaz Warag, and translated by Typian Alnour, covers the human rights situation in Sudan during the last two months of 2023. It details the significant human rights violations, the humanitarian crisis, and the socio-economic impact of ongoing conflicts, particularly involving the Rapid Support Forces (RSF).

Key Points

1. Military Actions and Violence:

- The RSF took control of several strategic areas, including the Daein Garrison and parts of Khartoum and Omdurman.

- Numerous battles occurred in regions such as Abu Karinka, northern Kordofan, and South Kordofan.

- Attacks resulted in significant damage to villages, crops, markets, and infrastructure in cities like Fula and Babanusa.

2. Humanitarian Crisis:

- Thousands of people, especially those near the Chadian border and in displacement areas, suffer from severe malnutrition and diseases.

- Displacement has been widespread, with many people living in dire conditions in makeshift shelters and schools.

3. Impact on Citizens:

- Violations and hostile acts against civilians have increased, with RSF and allied militias committing widespread atrocities.

- Specific incidents include the brutal attacks in West Darfur's Ardamata Dara unit, resulting in high civilian casualties and a significant communication blackout.

4. Sieges and Blockades:

- Several areas, including parts of Khartoum, Omdurman, Zalengei, and Jebel Awlia, have been subjected to sieges, leading to severe shortages of food, medicine, and other essentials.

- The RSF's control over strategic locations and resources has exacerbated the humanitarian situation.

5. Cholera Outbreak:

- The report highlights a severe cholera outbreak, with numerous deaths and infections across various states, compounded by poor sanitation and displacement.

6. Economic and Social Impact:

- The ongoing conflict has led to the destruction of vital services and infrastructure, severely affecting the local economy and access to healthcare and education.


The report by the Sudanese Observatory for Human Rights paints a grim picture of the situation in Sudan, marked by extensive human rights abuses, humanitarian crises, and socio-economic challenges due to the ongoing conflicts and actions of the RSF and allied militias. The organization calls for increased monitoring, documentation, and international intervention to address these violations and support the affected populations.